History, which was created by the British in 1858, is named after its headquarters town. Tradition has it that the town was founded by the Bhars and was known as Bharauli or Barauli which in course of time got corrupted into Bareli. The prefix, Rae, is said to be a corruption of Rahi, a village 5km. west of the town. It is also said that the prefix, Rae, represents Rae, the common title of the Kayasths who were masters of the town for a considerable period of time. Since about the begining of the media level period of indian history the region in the south of which the area covered by the district of Raebareli lies has been known as avadh or subhah of avadh.....Read More


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Firoz Gandhi was an Visionary politician and journalist.Feroze Gandhi was born in Mumbai on 12 August 1912 into a Parsi family. He was the son of Jehangir Gandhi and Ratimai.
He moved to Allahabad early on and attended the City Anglo-Vernacular High School and Ewing Christian College. Later, he was to study at the London School of Economics. He abandoned his studies in 1930 to join the struggle for Indian independence. Firoz Gandhi grew close to the Nehru family, especially Indira's mother Kamala Nehru and Indira herself. Indira and Firoz married in March 1942 according to Hindu rituals.



The couple were arrested and jailed during the Quit India Movement less than six months after their marriage, he was imprisoned for a year in Allahabad's Naini Central Prison.
They had two sons, Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi.
After independence, Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India. Firoz and Indira settled in Allahabad with their two young children, and Firoz became the Managing Director of The National Herald, a newspaper founded by his father-in-law. He was also the first chairman of Indian Oil Corporation Limited.
Firoz Gandhi contested election to the Parliament of India in 1952 , independent India's first general elections from Raibareli constituency in Uttar Pradesh. Indira Gandhi came down from Delhi and worked as his campaign organizer, and he won. Firoz soon became a prominent force in his own right, criticizing the Government of his father-in-law and beginning a tirade against corruption.
In the years after independence, many Indian business houses had become close to the political leaders, and now some of them started various financial irregularities. In a case exposed by Firoz Gandhi in December 1955, he revealed how Ram Kishan Dalmia, as chairman of a bank and an insurance company, used these companies to fund his takeover of Bennett and Coleman started transferring money illegally from publicly-held companies for their own benefit.
In 1956, the Parliamentary Proceedings(Protection of Publication) Act was passed, at the initiative of late Firoz Gandhi. It gave immunity to the Press in regard to a faithful reporting of parilaimentary proceedings of either House of Parliament unless the publication is proved to have been made with malice.The Act permits the press to report defamatory statements in Parliament without commintting a breach of privilage of Parliament, and by implication no libel action for the publication of any such statement referring to any outsider would lie.This Act applies to only to the proceedings of Parliament.
In 1957, he was re-elected from Raebareli.In the parliament, in 1958, he raised the Haridas Mundhra scandal involving the government controlled LIC insurance company. This was a huge embarrassment to the clean image of Nehru's government and eventually led to the resignation of the Finance Minister T.T. Krishnamachari.
Firoz Gandhi also initiated a number of nationalization drives, starting with the Life Insurance Corporation. At one point he also suggested that Telco be nationalized since they were charging nearly double the price of a Japanese Railway engine. This raised a stir in the Parsi community since the Tatas were also Parsi. He continued challenging the government on a number of other issues, and emerged as a parliamentarian well-respected on both sides of the bench.
Firoz Gandhi initiated a Trust to promote education in Raebareli seeing the bad condition of education in Raebareli and the region. The trust started Raebareli Degree College on August 8, 1960, just one month before his death. Later on, its name was changed to Firoz Gandhi College which is pioneer in higher education in the region.  
Firoz Gandhi suffered his first heart attack in 1958. Indira took him to recuperate in Kashmir, where with their young boys, they were together. However, he died on 8 September 1960 of a second heart attack.

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Feroze Gandhi (12 August 1912 – 8 September 1960) was an Indian politician and journalist. He was a member of the Lok Sabha, the Lower House of India's parliament. In 1942 he married Indira Nehru (later Prime Minister of India) and they had two sons Rajiv Gandhi (also later a Prime Minister) and Sanjay Gandhi.Feroze Gandhi was born in Mumbai into a Parsi family. He was the son of Jehangir Gandhi and Ratimai.[3][4] He was not related to Mahatma Gandhi family, and it was said that he changed his surname from Gandy to Gandhi.
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Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi : (19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was the Prime Minister of the Republic of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in 1984, a total of fifteen years. She was India's first and, to date, only female Prime Minister.Born in the politically influential Nehru Family, she grew up in an intensely political atmosphere. Her grandfather, Motilal Nehru, was a prominent Indian nationalist leader. Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, was a pivotal figure in the Indian independence movement and the first Prime Minister of Independent India. Returning to India from Oxford in 1941, she became involved in the Indian Independence movement
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Sonia Gandhi President of the Indian National Congress and the widow of former Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi. She also serves as the Chairperson of the ruling United Progressive Alliance in the Lok Sabha and the leader of the Congress Parliamentary Party.An influential person in Indian politics, she was named the third most powerful woman in the world by Forbes magazine in the year 2004 and was ranked 6th in 2007. She was also named among the Time 100 most influential people in the world for the years 2007 and 2008.
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